- The Regional Energy Transition: The Middle East considers the energy challenge as a strategic opportunity to leverage its expertise in the petrochemical value chain to lead the development of green mobility energies, including hydrogen.
- Circularity Matters: The carbon footprint of mobility extends well beyond the active life of a vehicle, from the sourcing of materials for its manufacture to a vehicle’s recyclability at the end of its life.
- Future Mobility will be Multimodal: Energy-efficient modes of public transport and shared mobility solutions will pave the way for sustainable mobility.
The BMW Group Dialogues were first held
in 2011 and since then, over 35 Dialogues
have been held in cities around the world.
The Dialogues serve as an opportunity for stakeholders across government, industry and academia, to gather together to exchange ideas, engage in discussions, and to create opportunities for change on issues of sustainability.
On 23rd November 2023, the first BMW Dialogues in the Middle East took place in Dubai, coinciding with the eve of COP28. Our two themes for these Dialogues, the Regional Energy Transition and Sustainable Mobility, reflect the COP28 UAE Presidency’s vision.
With our recent announcement as the VIP e-mobility provider of COP28 UAE, BMW Group remains firmly committed to the Paris Climate Agreement targets, and we’re proud to play an integral role in transporting delegations in our fully-electric vehicles.
But the energy used to propel our vehicles during their lifecycle is only one consideration. BMW Group is actively exploring technology-oriented solutions to reduce our carbon footprint across the entire value chain, on the path to be 100% carbon-neutral by 2050. We’re exploring circularity design principles with the aim to increase the use of secondary materials in our vehicles from 30% today to 50% by 2030.
There’s no single ingredient to sustainability. At BMW Group, we embrace long-term thinking and responsible action as the basis of economic – and ecological success.
With thanks to the Stakeholders that took part, this Whitepaper serves to consolidate the key findings of our Dialogues, with the hope that you, the reader, can take something with you on your own sustainability journey.
Dr. Hamid Haqparwar
BMW Group Middle East
With COP28 UAE in full effect, climate change is a pressing global crisis threatening humanity and transcending national boundaries. COP28 marks the conclusion of the first Global Stocktake since it was first outlined in Article 14 of the Paris Agreement. The Stocktake is a systematic process designed for nations and stakeholders to see where they are collectively making progress in achieving the objectives of the Paris Climate Change Agreement – and where they are not.
In line with the COP28 agenda, the BMW Group Dialogues are focused on regional energy transition and sustainable mobility and reflect on the economic impact, challenges and opportunities of climate action.
The world is making strides in climate investments. According to research from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), global investments in energy transition technologies – including renewable energy, energy efficiency, electrified transport and heat, energy storage, hydrogen and carbon capture and storage (CSS) – reached USD 1.3 trillion in 2022.
This is a new record and marks a 19% increase from 2021 investment levels and a 70% increase from pre-pandemic in 2019, despite challenges such as prevailing macroeconomic, geopolitical, and supply chain issues.
While the trend is positive, IRENA reports that an additional USD 47 trillion in investment will be required by 2050 in order to achieve an energy transition in line with the 1.5 degree celsius threshold set out by the Paris Agreement.
Since June 2023, the Financial Times has been reporting on how investors may be underestimating the financial risks of climate change. The big danger is of a “climate Minsky moment”, the term for a “sudden correction in asset values as investors simultaneously realise those values are unsustainable”.
The report revealed that over USD 314 billion of agricultural crops were under threat from rising sea levels, and that over 20% of global computer and electronics hardware was produced in factories in flood-prone areas.
Projections of current climate effects to 2050 suggest that up to 1.2 billion people could be displaced, with reports that if the current climate trends were to continue by 2070, almost half of global GDP was under threat.
The Regional Energy Transition
The Middle East, traditionally known for its vast oil reserves, is steadily positioning itself as a significant player in the clean energy landscape. The region’s abundant solar resources offer a substantial advantage for large-scale renewable energy production. Crucially, the existing petrochemical infrastructure and technical expertise in energy management in the region, provide a solid foundation for transitioning to a hydrogen-based energy system.
The transition towards green energy in the Middle East has been steadily gaining momentum in recent years. Regional governments and industry stakeholders have been committing to ambitious national hydrogen strategies across the region, with the aim of establishing themselves as global players in the hydrogen economy.
With its National Hydrogen Strategy, has established a target to produce 1.4 million tonnes of hydrogen annually by 2031, increasing tenfold to 15 million tonnes by 2050.
Saudi Arabia is constructing an USD 8.4 billion green hydrogen production plant in NEOM’s OXAGON, set for completion by 2026.
Oman plans to become the sixth-largest exporter of hydrogen globally with the world’s largest green hydrogen plant set to commence construction in 2028.
Qatar National Vision 2030 aims to transform the country into an advanced, sustainable, self-sufficient economy and society, with a focus on reducing methane emissions and eliminating routine flaring by promoting cleaner extraction and processing of natural gas, and a target of 20% of electricity from solar power by 2030.
Jordan has set ambitious targets for energy efficiency and is investing in renewable energy sources like solar and green hydrogen. Jordan 2025 is a national vision and strategy that provides an analysis of resource security, especially in energy, water, and food and is targeting 31% of power generation from renewable sources by 2030.
Highlighting the UAE National Hydrogen Strategy:
Target to produce:
Tonnes of hydrogen annually by 2031
As a result, the Middle East is not just diversifying its own energy portfolio but also positioning itself to play a pivotal role in the global shift towards cleaner energy solutions, aligning economic development with environmental sustainability.
A 2018 International Energy Agency report notes that 24% of global carbon emissions are related to transportation. Of those, road vehicles account for 75% of all transport-related emissions.
Behind the Numbers
The numbers only account for the energy emitted during the lifecycle of the vehicle, and not for the energy used in the manufacture of its raw materials, nor of the energy required to manufacture it. Referred to as ‘embodied energy,’ the average energy to produce a car varies between 30,000 – 70,000 kWh.
During its lifetime, a typical gasoline-powered car that travels 150,000 to 200,000 kilometres might consume around 60,000 to 100,000 kWh of energy. For electric vehicles, the total energy consumption over the lifetime can be lower, depending on the electricity source and efficiency.
On average, it takes around half the energy to produce the vehicle, as it consumes during its lifecycle.
The Case for Electric
Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) offer a promising alternative to internal combustion engine vehicles in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution. But while the total carbon footprint of an electric vehicle is generally lower than a comparable gasoline vehicle, it is not zero.
BEVs also present several environmental challenges, including the production of lithium-ion batteries, which is energy-intensive and involves significant greenhouse gas emissions. This is primarily due to the extraction and processing of raw materials like lithium, cobalt, and nickel. The mining of these materials can have environmental impacts, including habitat destruction, water use, and pollution.
The extraction of these minerals also raises concerns about sustainable and ethical sourcing. For instance, cobalt mining in certain regions has been associated with human rights abuses and child labour. There’s also a concern about the long-term availability of these materials, as well as the political climate that surrounds them, as demand for electric vehicles increases.
At the end of their life, the batteries used in BEVs pose a disposal challenge. If not properly managed, they can lead to environmental pollution due to the hazardous materials they contain. Recycling of EV batteries is essential to mitigate environmental impacts and recover valuable materials. However, battery recycling technology is still developing and is not yet widespread.
To address these challenges, ongoing efforts focus on improving battery technology, increasing the efficiency of resource use, developing robust battery recycling systems, and ensuring the ethical sourcing of materials. Additionally, integrating more renewable energy into the power grid is crucial for enhancing the overall environmental benefits of electric vehicles.
- BEVs offer reduced emissions compared to gasoline vehicles, but their battery production still contributes to greenhouse gas emissions.
- The production of lithium-ion batteries for BEVs involves significant environmental impacts, including habitat destruction and pollution.
- Ethical issues, such as human rights abuses, and concerns about the long-term availability of minerals like cobalt, affect BEV production.
- Disposal of BEV batteries presents environmental risks; developing effective recycling technologies and improving battery design are key challenges.
Next Generation Battery Technology
The iX is powered by BMW’s latest Gen5 batteries, with a focus on reducing the cobalt percentage in cathode material and increasing the use of secondary nickel. The BMW iX’s battery cells already use up to 50% recycled nickel, minimizing primary resource consumption.
BMW is currently developing the next-generation Gen6 battery cell technology for the Neue Klasse, scheduled for release in 2025. Made to significantly increase energy density and reduce costs, this initiative aims to substantially reduce the use of primary materials, making the battery genuinely “green”.
The Case for Hydrogen Mobility
Hydrogen is emerging as a promising advancement and complement to battery electric vehicles in many regions and for many use cases. Since much of the energy transition hinges on battery storage, Hydrogen storage advancements and unique attributes are emerging as one of the most promising ways to store and transport energy.
The production of hydrogen can also be achieved through water electrolysis, a cleaner method if powered by renewable energy sources like wind or solar power. However, this method is more expensive and less common. Scaling up renewable energy production is crucial for making hydrogen a truly green fuel.
Hydrogen storage and transportation present additional challenges. Hydrogen gas requires high-pressure tanks or needs to be liquified, both of which are energy-intensive processes. The development of efficient and safe hydrogen storage and transportation systems is vital for the widespread adoption of FCEVs.
The infrastructure for hydrogen fueling is another critical aspect. Unlike BEVs, which can use existing electrical grids, FCEVs require a network of hydrogen fueling stations. Establishing this infrastructure requires significant investment and coordination.
Hydrogen Mobility – A Compelling Use Case
Hydrogen Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs) present an innovative approach in the shift towards sustainable transportation, aiming to address some limitations of Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs). FCEVs use hydrogen gas to power an electric motor, with water vapour as the only direct emission. This presents a stark contrast to the greenhouse gases emitted by traditional internal combustion engines.
However, the environmental impact of FCEVs depends largely on how the hydrogen is produced. Currently, most hydrogen is generated from natural gas, a process that emits significant amounts of carbon dioxide. This contradicts the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions unless carbon capture and storage technologies are effectively implemented.
To maximize the environmental benefits of FCEVs, ongoing efforts focus on developing green hydrogen production methods, enhancing hydrogen storage and transportation technologies, and expanding the hydrogen refuelling infrastructure.
- FCEVs produce only water vapor as direct emissions, offering a clean alternative to internal combustion engines.
- The environmental benefit of FCEVS is contingent on the method of hydrogen production; green hydrogen is key.
- Hydrogen storage and transportation pose significant challenges due to the energy-intensive nature of high-pressure or liquified hydrogen.
- Developing a hydrogen fueling infrastructure is crucial for the adoption of HFCVs.
The BMW iX5 Hydrogen
Following four years of development, the first hydrogen-operated BMW iX5 models hit the roads in 2023, with a number making their way to the Middle East to undergo durability and hot-weather testing.
The iX5 Hydrogen demonstrates a compelling case for fuel cell electric vehicles while supporting the development of sustainable hydrogen infrastructure in the United Arab Emirates.
On November 24th 2023, BMW Group joined Dr. Sultan Al Jaber, President-Designate for COP28 UAE, and H.E. Eng. Suhail Al Mazrouei, Minister of Energy and Infrastructure of the UAE, at ADNOC Group’s launch of the region’s first high-speed green hydrogen refueling station in Masdar City, featuring the iX5 Hydrogen pilot fleet.
In the initial exploration session, the stakeholders focused on understanding the challenges and opportunities inherent in the regional energy transition and sustainable mobility. With a diverse range of voices and expertise, the stakeholders generated numerous valuable ideas.
Through facilitated discussions, stakeholders validated and refined their ideas, collaboratively selecting priorities. These priorities were then reframed into practical “how might we” statements, serving as a clear and relevant prompt. This structured approach not only directed subsequent expert insights but also facilitated the development of concrete action plans, ensuring our exploration translated into meaningful results.
The exploration and insights have been grouped into the following areas:
Public and Political Will
How Might We
Connect top-down decisions with bottom up engagement?
Incentivize behaviour to mobilise public and private sectors?
Accelerate policy making?
Match political and public will?
Driven by key questions on aligning top-down decisions with grassroots engagement, one theme becomes clear when discussing public and political will:
Corporate leadership in emerging market sectors helps to create critical public and political support.
Emphasising the importance of climate target adoption, political will becomes a key factor in accelerating our regional climate targets and ambitions to occur before 2050.
During discussions, stakeholders advocate for prioritising the decarbonisation of the mobility sector in political agendas. Paving the way with realistic and achievable policies, stakeholders also believe COP28 should nationally determine these goals.
The challenge of harmonising political and public will, quickly becomes apparent when highlighting the role of individual decisions in collective climate action, particularly in mobility choices. While we often fixate on the lack of resources and the high cost, human behavioural change will ultimately play a critical and important role in climate action.
Regional governments who actively navigate the energy transition, will need to showcase initiatives that harmonise commercial and climate interests. By demonstrating a commitment to cultivate private sector efforts to advance new energy technologies – regional governments send an important signal to the public overall of where public interest and public policies intersect.
Making Sustainability Accessible
How Might We
Make accessibility (to new energy) more convenient?
Make tech affordable and convenient?
Incentivize the development of new technologies needed and induce authorities to introduce them faster.
A key topic of making sustainability accessible was to make it accessible across all demographics, and for the majority of the population – not simply for those that can afford it.
The challenge is that sustainable alternatives tend to be more expensive to produce, and since they are in shorter supply, economics tend to push their prices further above their less-sustainable counterparts. This can be seen in both consumer and industrial goods as well as services.
Businesses internalise their externalities, and the consumer is often left paying the price. A dress made by a brand that pays its employees a living wage and uses sustainably sourced organic cotton will inevitably cost more than its fast-fashion counterpart. But what about cars? While greener products will become more affordable as they become more widely available and in higher demand than their unsustainable counterparts, this is not currently the case.
Range anxiety remains one of the biggest setbacks in the widespread adoption of sustainable individual mobility options. Policymakers can help address this by working with the private sector to deploy advanced charging infrastructure to eliminate range anxiety and concerns over time to recharge.
Cost issues remain a barrier for making sustainability more accessible. Improving accessibility to sustainable mobility for the majority, not just the privileged few, emerges as a paramount goal. To address this, incentivizing the development and adoption of new technologies becomes imperative, particularly in the realms of multimodal tech and charging infrastructure.
While the vision is for greener products to become more affordable with increased availability and demand, the current reality begs a closer examination of pricing dynamics.
The imperative to encourage consumers, coupled with a call for more impactful actions, rings loud in the quest to make sustainability accessible. As we delve into this domain, these insights shape our strategies to bridge the gap between sustainability and affordability.
Developing The Required Capacity
How Might We
Prepare, act, deliver, and be accountable for the mobility commitment in the next 5 years?
Involve all stakeholders to skill up, build up, and save the infrastructure?
Empower youth and locals to make responsible consumption decisions?
Ensure that sustainability is a core value at each point on the value chain?
A strategic discussion around developing capacity was spurred by key questions on mobility commitments, stakeholder involvement, and sustainability values. In the context of the conversation, capacity includes the knowledge, skills, infrastructure, and resources necessary to achieve sustainable mobility.
Technology’s role in fostering multimodal mobility and sustainable industries emerges as pivotal. Stakeholders agree it is the key to creating new industries and new jobs in the future.
The current lack of integrated multimodal transportation options in the region presents a challenge. While buses and trains are designed for sharing, automobiles – the largest contributors to the mobility carbon footprint – are not. Discussions on how this can be considered in future planning followed with a focus on EV charging and infrastructure.
Regional EV charging infrastructure is currently lagging behind others, both in availability as well as in the time taken to charge a vehicle. One stakeholder noted, “If Switzerland is a 10, Dubai is a 3.”
Range anxiety has been broadly solved with the most recent generations of vehicles offering ranges of 500kms or more, but charging times in the hours remain a sore point, particularly for professional, commercial and industrial drivers such as taxi and delivery drivers, and freight haulers.
Despite regional EV charging challenges, the opportunity to leverage petrochemical energy distribution expertise for green energy emerged. While storage and distribution of green energy is a challenge, the region’s capability in petrochemical energy affords an opportunity to advance as a global leader in new, sustainable mobility energies.
A core tenet of sustainable mobility involves capacity-building to educate a climate-literate youth population that understands the connection between their actions and how they impact climate. Understanding that future generations will inherit a challenging climate situation, we must equip them with the necessary knowledge and tools to become climate changemakers.
Carbon capture and carbon accounting are important to incentivise carbon abatement, but the ideal scenario would be to avoid carbon emissions entirely.
For all the work we do to improve individual mobility, heavy freight vehicles contribute high levels of pollution in urban environments. A solution for locally emissions-free urban mobility is key.
COP28 is a necessary platform to discuss opportunities and to debate climate targets, but they must result in actions.
Emirates Global Aluminium is the world’s largest ‘premium aluminium’ producer and the biggest industrial company in the UAE outside oil and gas.
Aluminium is one of the most recycled materials in the world. Some 75% of all the aluminium ever made is still in use today in some form. In many industries, such as the automotive industry, recycling rates for aluminium routinely exceed 90%.
While recycling rates remain high, the production of aluminium is also a highly energy-intensive process, particularly when processing aluminium from raw, primary materials.
The origin of greenhouse gas emissions are broken down into three categories, referred to as Scope 1, Scope 2, and Scope 3. Understanding these scopes is crucial for companies in the aluminium industry to effectively manage and reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. They provide a comprehensive view of where emissions are coming from and help in identifying opportunities for improvements in sustainability and energy efficiency.
Scope 1 Emissions (Direct Emissions from Owned or Controlled Sources):
Includes emissions from the actual extraction and processing (mining, refining, and smelting) of bauxite ore into aluminium.
Scope 2 Emissions (Indirect Emissions from Purchased Energy):
Covers indirect emissions from the generation of purchased electricity, steam, heating, and cooling consumed by the reporting company.
Scope 3 Emissions (All Other Indirect Emissions):
The result of activities from assets not owned or controlled by the reporting organisation.
In the context of aluminium, Scope 3 would include:
- Upstream activities such as the extraction and transport of raw materials not owned by the aluminium company.
- Downstream activities like the transportation and distribution of the finished aluminium products.
- The use of sold products, especially if the aluminium is used in products that emit greenhouse gases during their use phase (like automobiles).
- End-of-life treatment of sold products, though aluminium’s high recyclability can help mitigate these emissions.
EGA’s CelestiAL Aluminium
Electricity generation accounts for around 60% of the global aluminium industry’s greenhouse gas emissions. The use of solar power significantly reduces Scope 2 emissions.
Emirates Global Aluminium is the first company using solar power through a partnership with Dubai Electricity and Water Authority, which operates the Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park in the desert outside Dubai.
BMW Group and EGA CelestiAL Aluminium
BMW Group is the first automotive manufacturer to use EGA’s CelestiAL solar aluminium. With a 60% reduction in energy-related emissions, BMW Group is able to claim a 230,000 metric ton reduction in manufacturing-related CO2 emissions with the use of EGA’s CelestiAL aluminium.
Since 2023, BMW Group is also the first automotive manufacturer to use EGA’s latest offering called CelestiAL-R. A blend of CelestiAL solar aluminium with secondary aluminium, EGA is able to further lower emissions to below 4 tonnes of CO2 equivalent per tonne of aluminium produced.
From a circular perspective, the challenge remains: ‘How might we efficiently return the aluminium following the vehicle’s end of life, ensuring it is reused in the next vehicles?’
Hydrogen for Mobility
If we are to believe the media, hydrogen comes in a rainbow spectrum of colours. But during our expert interview with Wietse Ter Veld, Green Hydrogen Subject Matter Expert at AtkinsRealis, revealed that hydrogen is in fact colourless, flavourless, odourless, and the single most abundant element, not just on Earth, but in the entire Universe.
The trouble with hydrogen in its natural state is that it is bound with other elements. Wietse reminded the Dialogues that it is hydrogen that forms the ‘hydro-’ in hydrocarbons, and it is the energy in the hydrogen bound to the carbon atoms in petrochemicals that is released when they are combusted.
The different colours of hydrogen actually refer to the methods of releasing hydrogen from its production and their environmental impact. Some examples are:
Most environmentally friendly, it emits no greenhouse gases during production. Produced using renewable energy sources (wind, solar, or hydroelectric power).
Similar to green hydrogen, produced by electrolysis.
Produced using a mix of renewable and non-renewable energy sources, such as grid electricity, which may not be entirely green.
Produced from natural gas through steam methane reforming (SMR) or autothermal reforming (ATR), coupled with carbon capture and storage (CCS).
Reduces carbon emissions compared to traditional hydrogen production but is not completely carbon-neutral.
The most common production method and the most polluting. Generated from natural gas through steam methane reforming without carbon capture.
Brown Hydrogen (also known as Black Hydrogen in some contexts):
Considered the least environmentally-friendly production. Uses gasifying coal, which is an even more polluting process than steam methane reforming, resulting in high CO2 emissions.
Considered a cleaner method than grey or brown hydrogen but is still under development. Produced through a process called methane pyrolysis, where methane is decomposed into hydrogen and solid carbon.
Pink (or Red) Hydrogen:
Produced through electrolysis but using nuclear power instead of renewable sources. The environmental impact depends on one’s view of nuclear energy’s sustainability and safety.
The Effect of Deforestation
The specific amount of carbon dioxide emitted due to deforestation can vary from year to year, but estimates suggest that deforestation, particularly in tropical regions, is responsible for about 10% of all global warming emissions.
Efforts to reduce deforestation are crucial in the fight against climate change, not only because of the carbon emissions involved but also due to the loss of biodiversity and disruption of ecosystems that forests support.
According to data from the World Resources Institute and other environmental organisations, if tropical deforestation were a country, it would rank third in carbon dioxide-equivalent emissions, behind China and the U.S.
- China’s emissions/yr: Greater than 10 billion metric tons/yr
- USA’s emissions/yr: 5-6 billion metric tons/yr
- Global deforestation/yr: 3 to 5 billion tons of CO2/yr
With ESG and sustainability becoming important factors in corporate balance sheets, carbon offsetting has become a popular strategy for companies aiming to reduce their overall carbon footprint. This approach involves compensating for emissions by funding an equivalent amount of carbon savings elsewhere.
AirImpact, co-founded by Dialogues expert panelist Dr. Nihel Chabrak, aims to empower a transparent market with a digital platform connecting developers, investors, and buyers in the nature-based carbon market. Founded in 2018, the company is committed to fostering collaboration among stakeholders, combating deforestation and climate change, and promoting sustainable development with environmental stewardship at the core.
In a closing session, a facilitated dialogue around chosen themes designed to elicit desired outcomes and develop specific actions, three teams converged to discuss:
Experts in sustainable energy and urban planning emphasized the necessity of transitioning away from fossil fuels by fostering a sustainable mobility infrastructure and engaging all relevant stakeholders, settling on the desired outcome:
Reduce resilience on fossil fuels by implementing sustainable mobility infrastructure and enabling all stakeholders
Focusing on the ‘sustainable mobility’ component, the team explored the seamless connection of multiple modes of short, medium and long-range transportation as a solution to reduce personal transport-related emissions.
The realization of this sustainable mobility vision faces considerable obstacles, primarily due to regulatory policy and the lack of positive incentives. Encouraging the shift away from fossil fuel dependency requires more than just technological innovation; it demands a comprehensive strategy that combines regulatory measures with incentives that promote the adoption of cleaner transportation methods.
While top-down governmental policies are crucial, they can be challenging to implement effectively. Therefore, a bottom-up approach that rewards individuals and businesses for adopting fossil-fuel-reduced modes of transportation could be more impactful. Such incentives could include tax benefits, subsidies for purchasing low-emission vehicles, or investment in infrastructure that supports alternative transportation methods.
Moreover, urban planning and policy-making must be aligned to facilitate this transition. This includes the development of efficient public transport networks, support for non-motorized transport options like cycling and walking, and the creation of urban spaces that prioritize environmental sustainability and public health. By combining these elements, policy can play a pivotal role in shaping the supply and demand dynamics for new mobility models, ultimately contributing to a more sustainable and environmentally friendly transportation future.
The group’s Specific Action: Incentivise use (bottom-up) and mandate policy (top-down) for the use of fossil fuel free transportation modes.
Circularity and Materials
With Theme 2’s group consisting of climate activists, a government advisor on energy policy, along with experts from Emirates Global Aluminium, the group chose to explore the impact of secondary materials in reducing the manufacturing carbon footprint, with the desired outcome:
Increasing the use of secondary materials in manufacture
Experts from EGA shared key facts about the ‘Carbonomics’ of primary and secondary aluminium (See Sidebar 1), with a rousing debate revealing a key question:
Who is responsible for carbon emissions along the supply-chain?
BMW Group is the first automotive manufacturer to use EGA’s CelestiAL solar aluminium. With a 60% reduction in energy-related emissions, BMW Group is able to claim a 230,000 metric ton reduction in manufacturing-related emissions with the use of EGA’s CelestiAL aluminium.
Since 2023, BMW Group is also the first automotive manufacturer to use EGA’s latest offering called CelestiAL-R. A blend of CelestiAL solar aluminium with secondary aluminium, EGA is able to further lower emissions to below four tonnes of CO2 equivalent per tonne of aluminium produced.
However, there is a price to pay. As the need to offset manufacturing-related emissions increases, increased market demand for secondary aluminium, making secondary aluminium consistently more expensive than primary aluminium.
In effect, the higher the percentage of secondary materials, the higher the total cost per ton. The price difference could be equated to a financial tradeoff between buying carbon-reduced materials, or paying to offset an equivalent amount of carbon.
The group’s Specific Action: Aligning Political and Commercial mandates to increase the use of secondary aluminium.
Climate Education and Engagement
Climate science is a broad topic, and there is work needed to prepare our young people to understand climate, in effect, to be ‘climate-ready’.
One of the overarching challenges in climate education is how we might connect people to the problem – an issue that individual efforts cannot be mapped to individual results. Instead, climate education is an understanding of the imperative as a collective sum of individual efforts.
On the topic of climate action, our expert panelist, Oussama Rami , noted: ‘It’s all very well to talk about climate education in the first world, but in the third-world, they’re faced with more immediate concerns like education.”
The solution? To connect climate action in ways that allow people to connect directly with their actions.
One such example was to co-opt the concept of a majlis, a meeting place for political and commercial influence, and to reframe this from a perspective of climate action. The team imagined a Green Majlis, a meeting place for key stakeholders to meet and connect, to discuss and debate ideas and solutions to the climate challenge.
The group’s Specific Action: Create purposeful spaces to coordinate climate dialogues, along with actions for people to connect with climate change.
In the warm embrace of a desert majlis, Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum unfolded an audacious vision for Dubai. Within those walls, leaders and visionaries gathered, fueled by determination to reshape their landscape.
The majlis, though transformed by time, has retained its significance. A closing majlis led by Dialogues facilitator Talib Hashim gathered our stakeholders on a journey of the past 50 years of the UAE. Recollecting how the environment has long been a challenge of the region, from desertification issues and the immense heat, the majlis of the time gathered architects, engineers, and urban planners, taking the challenges and aspirations of a desert landscape and turning them into tangible blueprints.
Today, the majlis continues to host leaders, not just to discuss the city’s progress, but to forge a path toward a future defined by innovation and sustainability. It’s a tradition we continue today.
This whitepaper captures and compiles the collective insights revealed during the 2023 BMW Group Dialogues in Dubai.
With the support of
This Whitepaper was made possible with the collective contribution of our Stakeholders
Her Excellency Sybille Pfaff
Federal Republic of Germany in Dubai
GCC lead / Research Director
World Ethical Data Foundation
Ahmed Samir Elbermbali
Managing Director / Sustainability Leader
CharIN / Bureau Veritas
Dima Al Srouri
Biospheric City Lab
Director, Board of Trustees
Liter of Light
Founder and Global Director
Liter of Light
Dr. Feras Allan
SVP Product & Casting Operations
Emirates Global Aluminium
Emirates Global Aluminium
VP Global Commercial
Celeros Flow Technology
Oliver Stefan Oehms
Industrie- und Handelskammer (AHK)
Co – Founder & Director
Fuse EV Conversions
Climate Education Manager
COP28 / UAE Ministry of Education
Government Affairs & Communcations
SVP, Corporate Affairs
Emirates Global Aluminium
Wietse ter Veld
Green Hydrogen Expert
Dr. Petar Stojanov
Partner / Head of Communications and the Future
Created By Black
Created By Black
Created By Black
Created By Black
Dr. Hamid Haqparwar
BMW Group Middle East
Omar Al Busaidy
Global Head of Special Political Engagement,
Director of Government Affairs and Communications,
Osama El Sherif
Head of Corporate Communications at
BMW Group Middle East
BMW Group Middle East
BMW Group Dialogues is a series of events around the world focused on sustainability and innovation. Looking ahead to COP28, the 2023 Dialogues were hosted in Dubai.
The Dialogues serve as platforms for discussions and knowledge-sharing on topics related to sustainability and corporate responsibility. Each year, these dialogues tackle different themes, such as 360° CO2 Strategy, Circularity, and more, aiming to promote sustainability through innovation and responsible business practices.